More than 100 pathogens are associated with the house fly, including Salmonella, Staphylococcus, E. coli, and Shigella. These pathogens can cause disease in humans and animals. Some of the diseases include Cholera, Bacillary dysentery, Hepatitis, Typhoid fever.
True flies are insects of the order Diptera (“two wings”) and are considered to be the most ecologically diverse order of insects.
Flies are parasitic insects, including internal parasites such as bot flies and ectoparasites like black flies or sand flies. Many flies feed on decaying matter. Some are adapted to suck the blood of animals (e.g. horse flies). There are also flies that make pollinating work easier; they are pollinators (e.g. bee flies, hoverflies).
All flies undergo a complete four-stage life cycle that consists of egg, larva, pupa and adult stages.
There are differences in feeding habits between the larvae and adult flies. For instance, the majority of fly larvae feed on decaying matter, eating the microbes (such as bacteria and yeasts) found in composting materials. Meanwhile, adult flies will take wet, sugary substances, like sap, nectar or suck the blood of animals.
Flies rely heavily on vision for survival. Fly’s compound eye consists of thousands of lenses and are very sensitive to movement. Some types of flies have an accurate three-dimensional vision. Several different types of flies, for example, Ormia ochracea, have very advanced hearing organs.
FILES CONTROL AND ERADICATION
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