Beetles

Beetles belong to the insect order Coleoptera. This is the largest order of insects with more than 25,000 species in the world.

Identification of beetles: Sometimes, Beetles are confused with ants. Adults beetles are often identified by their wings.

Appearance: Beetles have well-developed antennae and chewing mouthparts. Beetles have shell-like front wings known as elytra. These front wings are often very hard and appear more like a shell than wings. The beetle folds the front wings so they cover the back wings. They are durable and waterproof, serving as protection against damage and dehydration. Most adults seem to have a line down their back where the two front wings meet. Beetles are often poor fliers.

Size: Beetles come in many shapes, sizes, and colors. Some, like the click beetles, are long and slender. Some beetles like lady beetles and June beetles (also known as June bugs) have an oval or rounded shape. There are even beetles that resemble spiders.

Behavior, Diet & Habits: Beetles develop in a complete metamorphosis four-stage life cycle (egg – larva – pupa – and adult). The length of the life cycle also varies according to the type. Some develop very quickly and they can produce more than one generation each year. Others, like some of the wood-boring beetles can take several years to decades to develop from egg to adult. The length of the life cycle also depends on the amount of food that is available for the larvae to eat as well as environmental conditions.

What Do Beetles Eat? They feed on plants, small insects, and animal fibers, depending on species. A few beetles are considered pests in gardens and crops, although some species may benefit humans by killing harmful insects. Adults often deposit their eggs near the food that the larvae will eat when they hatch. Adults often deposit their eggs near the food that the larvae will eat when they hatch.

Types of problem beetles: Some types of beetles can become destructive pests with devastating power. Carpet beetle larvae eat natural fibers and feathers. They often damage woolens and other fabrics. Others, like powderpost beetles, feed on hardwoods and bamboo. These pests attack furniture and other items made of wood.

Some, like the flour beetles and the grain beetles, attack food products in homes. They also damage food in production facilities and stores. Some damage lawns and landscapes. Immature June beetles, called grubs, attack the roots of grass. The elm leaf beetle damages trees by eating the leaves.

Many beetles are beneficial insects. The lady beetle (often called ladybug) feeds on plant pests like aphids and mealybugs. Gardeners appreciate these insects and try to keep them in the garden.

Sometimes lady beetles can become nuisances. In the late summer and fall, homeowners can find hundreds clustered on the outside of homes. They are trying to invade homes for shelter through the winter or are looking to escape inclement conditions.

Beetles control: There are three basic groups that may require treatment inside our homes and businesses: Fabric-infesting beetles, Food product beetles, Wood-destroying beetles. While the specific treatment procedures and methods may vary based on the specific diet and habitat of the pest beetle, the components of an effective and efficient treatment closely follow those of a comprehensive integrated pest management (IPM) program.

Do you have any trouble with beetles? Contact us for the best free consultation and assistance on beetle control and eradication services for your family.

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